CCA 2.0 – Local Power Approach to CCA and 100% Renewable Energy
The local power approach to CCA is designed to set in place a clear and replicable path to achieving 100% renewable energy, based on the integration of CCA services – local energy development, energy procurement, energy efficiency and demand response.
Most 100% renewable options currently offered in MA are based either on out-of-state resources that do not add new renewable energy (such as Texas wind RECs) or on “Local (New England) Class 1 REC” options. Class 1 RECs do provide “additionality” but not locally, and create the need for new transmission and back-up (typically gas-fired) power.
Centralization of power is the problem, not the solution, to climate change and energy dependency. Subtractionality is the principle of reducing demand through the development of renewable resources locally in the communities that use them, and the strategic integration of energy efficiency products into CCA services.. It is a bottom-up, rather than top-down, approach to sustainability.
How does it work? The consumer is no longer the destination, but the source.
Renewable energy sources are sited at government facilities,residential and commercial customer premises. Energy is used on site, not sold to the utility (“behind the meter”), requiring no net-metering. Shared renewables and targeted efficiency products are financed by local government revenue bonds, grants and commercial investment/credit, to open up participation to all customers.
Deep and long-lasting greenhouse gas reductions
Integration of renewables with energy efficiency (EE) products (with the opportunity to go beyond state EE programs) and electric vehicles
Customer and community ownership
Low and middle income customer participation
Local economic benefits, such as jobs, local finance, business opportunities and community wealth retention
Long-term electricity rate reduction
Reduced physical dependence on fossil fuel markets and exposure to price volatility
Spreads to other communities because of the return-on-investment value
Steps for Municipalities
|IMPLEMENTATION STEPS||OBJECTIVES||KEY IMPLEMENTERS||TIME FRAME|
|Initial research||Learn about CCA and the potential role it could play in your community||Town administrator, staff.|
|Authorize CCA||Authorize development of an aggregation plan||City Council or Town Meeting||1 month|
|Secure startup funds||Secure or approve funds to pay for local public startup||City Council or Town Meeting||3 months|
|Hire Chief Procurement Officer||Hire a consultant to design, implement, and monitor aggregation plan||Town administrator or energy planner||2 months|
|Develop Aggregation Plan with DOER||Draft a plan with the input of MA DOER that meets the goals of the community and the requirements of DPU||Chief Procurement Officer, Town Administrator or Energy Planner||2 months|
|Approve Aggregation Plan||Approve plan to be filed with DPU||City Council or Board of Selectmen||1 month|
|Submit Aggregation Plan to DPU||Petition DPU to authorize the aggregation plan||Chief Procurement Officer||6 months|
|Develop Local Power Plan||Collect and analyze data and draft plan to develop local renewables and offer energy efficiency products, including funding sources, contracting strategy, and program design||Chief Procurement Officer, Town Administrator or Energy Planner||5 months|
|Approve Local Power Plan||Authorize plan to be implemented locally, including funding sources, contracting strategy and program design,||City Council or Board of Selectmen||1 month|
|Issue RFP for competitive energy supplier||Solicit competitive bids for the CCA energy supply contract||Chief Procurement Officer||1 month|
|Issue RFPs for Local Power contractors||Solicit competitive bids for the Local Power development and products||Chief Procurement Officer||2 months|
|Execute contract with energy supplier||Choose energy supplier for CCA||Town Administrator or Energy Planner|
|Execute contracts with Local Power contractors||Choose contractors for Local Power development and products||Town Administrator or Energy Planner|
|Notify customers||Inform customers about the CCA and the opt-out period||Chief Procurement Officer||2 months|
|Begin Local Power marketing||Inform customers about local renewable and energy efficiency product offerings||Chief Procurement Officer||2 months|
|Begin automatic enrollment||Enroll basic service customers who have not opted out||Utility||1 month|
|Local Power development and product offerings||Manage selected contractors in development of local renewables and installation of energy efficiency products||Chief Procurement officer, staff of CCA||5-10 years|